So how did this happen? Could a Covid-19 smell test help bring coronavirus under control? Clusius had visited Spain in 1564 and studied many of the new plants, which had been brought from the New World, but he does not mention the potato. These potatoes could in all likelihood have been confused with the plants from Virginia brought back by Harriot. Ironically, given Ralegh’s association with the potato down through the centuries, it was to Drake and not to him that a monument was dedicated in Offenburg, Germany, with the inscription: ‘Sir Francis Drake, introducer of the potato into Europe, in the year of our Lord 1580’. On his return to England in 1588, Harriot published A Briefe and True Report of the New Found Land of Virginia. The first European potatoes were it seems antigena from Colombia (for most of Europe at least). After eight weeks, Nicky can’t help digging gently with her fingers to see if she can fish out a couple of the bigger ones. But they don’t have the pleasure of owning their own polytunnel like some other lucky GYOers do. But then, you’d expect nothing less of a true potatophile. Having completed his renowned second circumnavigation of the globe in November 1580, he was honoured by a visit from Queen Elizabeth I, who dined with him on board his ship, the Golden Hind (formerly the Pelican), which was lying at Deptford in the Thames estuary, but there is no record of potatoes appearing on the menu. To help you decide, we grew and taste-tested 12 varieties. Yet another reason, you might think, for traditionalists to wince. The Frenchman Charles d’Écluse, or Clusius (1526-1609), a central figure in the spread of the potato in Europe, in 1601 describes a plant with stems up to 7.5 feet (2.28m) and 10.5 feet (3.2m) long, while also noting that the plants were harvested in November. Types of Potatoes to Try Planting. Hostilities with Spain had broken out once more, and he was ordered to cause as much damage as possible to the Spanish overseas empire. Therein lies the dilemma, since it is not andigena that we see every day on our dinner tables, but tuberosum. The president of the Royal Society, Sir Robert Southwell (1635-1702) was recorded in the minutes of a meeting of 13 December, 1693 as stating that his grandfather had ‘brought potatoes into Ireland who had them from Sir Walter Rawleigh after his return from Virginia’. He refers to the Indian name of the potato, which he incorrectly spelt ‘papus’. 2nd Early Orla Seed Potatoes Grown in Ireland for Irish Market. (Ulster Museum). Swift Another Very Fast Maturing First Early, About 12 To 14 Weeks.high Yields Of Good Flavoured, Uniform, Firm Fleshed Tubers. However, the name papas, was its vernacular not in Virginia, but in its original habitat in the South American Andes. The potato in contrast was only cultivated in the most inaccessible of places. Overseas exchanges with Spain and France involving the export of hides and fish, and imports of wine and cloth were quite substantial. With cutting you can expect to plant 14-16 individual “hills”. Irish Cobbler sold out no Early Season Potatoes 7690 Mid-sized round to oblong tubers with a smooth creamy texture suitable for baking or boiling. Finally, don’t waste your time searching for the Mayan Gold potato, the one that Nicky says is a potato to die for. Clusius visited Drake in 1581 and published articles the following year on some of Drake’s plants, but again there is no mention of the potato. They'll be ready for harvest in around ten weeks from planting. Click Here to go to the Personal Histories page. Tomás O’Riordan tutors in history at University College Cork. For seed potatoes of some of the early varieties try Mr Middleton Garden Shop (mrmiddleton.com). This would suggest a point of origin in Spain itself, or that a Spaniard was responsible for introducing the potato to Ireland. We stock an extensive range of first earlies, second earlies, maincrop, and late maincrop … IT’S COLD, it’s dark, it’s wet, it’s windy . Drake left Cartagena on 30 March 1585, after picking up the colonists from the failed Roanoke settlement in Virginia, he arrived in Plymouth on 26 July 1586. in other words, it’s January, the month when the urban farmer is forced to spend so much time indoors that he or she might as well live in a burrow. It is not until the early 1590s that we hear of the potato in England. The story of Clontarf, from battleground to garden suburb, Darkest Dublin: The story of the Church Street disaster and a pictorial account of the slums of Dublin in 1913. The potato could not therefore have been growing in Virginia as Gerard states. Redcliffe Salaman writing in the 1940s was adamant that the length of time needed to transport potatoes to Spain from Chile would have resulted in the death of any tubers. Most of our popular varieties are above 20% dry matter. It also contained a large amount of folklore. Most varieties hold the RHS Award of Garden Merit (AGM). However, the first venture failed and the colonists returned to England in July 1586 with Sir Francis Drake who was returning after privateering in the West Indies. Fine Edwardian in landmark Limerick terrace for €850k, I got rid of 95% of my stuff, almost everything I’ve ever owned. "I'd say Lady Christl, without a doubt," she says. " Salaman, The history and Social Influence of the Potato (Cambridge 1949, revised 1985). “In fact, it speeds things up. If Ralegh was in a position to distribute potatoes at an early date, he must surely have got these potatoes from England, since he was never in Virginia and as already mentioned, Solanum tuberosum is not native to Virginia. £5.00 OFF YOUR FIRST PURCHASE. “ It’s extra early, with lovely, waxy, yellow potatoes, very tasty. The ancient empires of South America have long since vanished. And then wait. But the odd thing is that some of the shoots on these seed potatoes are three, even four inches long – a sight to make the purists wince. However, there is not a shred of evidence to support such an assumption. Swiss physician, anatomist and botanist Caspar Bauhin (1560-1624), writing in 1620, also mentions that the potato was harvested in November and his potato drawings are similar to the species andigena. Certainly this would reconcile a number of statements, although we can only speculate whether this actually happened. So why then is Virginia associated with the introduction of the potato into Britain and Ireland? The introduction of the tuber as a curiosity from Spain through Waterford, seems highly plausible. Blight Resistant Varieties available. Ralegh evidently saw potatoes off the coast of Venezuela but these were undoubtedly sweet potatoes: Ralegh never went near any area where he might have found solanum tuberosum. That Drake did later come into contact with the potato is undisputed. Only when the shoots are 5” to 6” high (roundabout mid-. Bred in Northern Ireland it is an all-purpose potato with firm flesh and a good flavour. As follows is an approximate breakdown of the Irish potato market by variety: Spanish credit, both moral and material, almost foundered under the losses. Our mailers are not the usual stream of special offers. In the Phoenix Park, the OPW’s walled kitchen garden (despite its beautiful bone-structure) is looking pretty much like any other vegetable garden at this time of year: forlorn, frostbitten and rather uninviting. Sir Francis Drake-‘introducer of the potato into Europe, in the year of Our Lord 1580′ according to a monument in Offenburg, Germany. Click on the green arrow above to get your PROMO CODE and to find out more about our members benefits. This implies that potatoes were being grown in Spain for a number of years in order to build up stocks. Super Early Potatoes Potatoes can be classed as first earlies, second earlies, or maincrop. What will €600,000 buy in Dublin and Cork? John Gerard, from the frontispiece to the first edition of his Herbal (1597, but here dated 1598), with a potato spray in his left hand. Given that the potato thrived in Ireland from a very early date (but not in Europe), it was probably solanum tuberosum rather than andigena that was introduced. However, Robert Southwell’s statement is rather dubious to say the least. After that, it’s a question of vigilant frost-protection and watering – “but don’t saturate them”. First early seed potatoes need to be planted at a depth of 10cm with at least 30cm between each potato. A brief history of the potato . Look for varieties of ‘first early’ potatoes, which are the quickest growing of the lot. If potatoes came from Virginia in 1586 they must already have been on Sir Francis Drakes’ ships and he may have acquired them from the sack of Cartagena on the coast of modern day Colombia. Also, don’t plant them anywhere that tomatoes (members of the same Solanum species) have grown in at least the last year. The really simple guide to switching your health insurance, Rathcoole Co Dublin is within city reach but has all the calm of the country, Bettystown Co Meath is ideally situated for both Dublin and Belfast, 21 beds, 42 baths, and yours for $340m: Irish architect designs America’s most expensive home, Former DCU president sells palatial Westmeath home for €10m, Ongoing housing shortage drives demand for development land, Retail parks seize opportunity presented by High Street’s difficulty, Ireland’s most expensive street identified in new property report. Generally Queens begin to replace Premier or Home Guard in the market place in late June and become the mainstay of the Irish potato market for the summer. Larger potatoes can be cut as long as there are at least 3 eyes on each cut piece. Sir Walter Ralegh, Sir Francis Drake and John Hawkins, have all been credited with introducing the potato into Europe. Try some red, purple or yellow-fleshed varieties, or experiment with fingerlings. The sweet potato (ipomoea batatas) which is unrelated to the potato, grew in lowland areas all around the Caribbean, at the time of the Spanish conquests. Second earlies (also called ‘new’ potatoes) are hot on their heels, taking a few more weeks to mature. First earlies grow the quickest and are usually ready within ten weeks, second earlies take around 13 or so weeks and maincrop potatoes take 15-18 weeks. Under royal patent granted by Elizabeth I in 1584 to Ralegh, a group of colonists left for North America in April of that year, to map out a route and prepare the way for the main party, which was to follow. It is hoped Rather than looking to England and her naval heroes, we should instead look to Spain. It was therefore, he argued, the less favourable andigena that was brought to Europe from Colombia. Nicky’s are what you might call contraband, smuggled over from the UK a couple of years ago and lovingly overwintered as seed potatoes ever since. Clearly the Spanish had come to recognise the value of such a commodity. It's a good idea to chit these varieties before planting, allowing them to produce long shoots from which the plants will grow. Young people and activism: ‘You can’t stand by and hope everything’s going to be okay’, Ireland’s mental health pandemic: From crisis to emergency, Frequently asked questions about your digital subscription, Specially selected and available only to our subscribers, Exclusive offers, discounts and invitations, Explore the features of your subscription, Carefully curated selections of Irish Times writing, Sign up to get the stories you want delivered to your inbox, An exact digital replica of the printed paper. Drake fulfilled his commission, capturing Santiago in the Cape Verde Islands and taking and plundering the cities of Cartagena, St Augustine in Florida, and San Domingo in Hispaniola. In contrast, the potato found in Peru and Colombia (subspecies andigena) is adapted to the shorter days of tropical latitudes and does not tuberise in Europe until very late in the season when the natural day length has shortened to more or less twelve hours in late September and early October. Sir Robert’s grandfather and great-uncle were the sons of Richard Southwell of Spixworth in Norfolk and his wife Alice Cornwallis. The Irish Potato Famine is a harrowing time in history and some of you may not want to know more about Irish potato information, but it is important to learn about the history of Irish potatoes … In 1585 Drake had been in command of twenty-five ships. . Other gardeners prefer the white, round 'Irish Cobbler' for an early potato, but it produces small tubers. Among his prizes was the treasure galleon Santa Ann seized off California in November 1587. The OPW’s Victorian kitchen garden is in the grounds of the Phoenix Park Visitor Centre, beside the Phoenix Park Café and Ashtown Castle. Whatever about Cavendish bringing potatoes to England, we can be quite certain that he was not responsible for introducing the potato to mainland Europe, since more than eight months before, on 26 January 1588, Clusius had received from the Prefect of Mons, two potato tubers which he duly planted. Wash them, dry them and then store them carefully, loosely covered and in the coolest place you can find – it must be frost-free, though – where the mice can’t get at them. . All figures relate to production by commercial potato growers, defined as those growing 0.8 hectares (2 acres) or more of potatoes. Accord Seed Potatoes From: £5.99 A good yielding first early variety of uniform, oval, white fleshed tubers. Although Ralegh was mayor of Youghal in 1588-89, he didn’t spend much time in the country. PLANT:Very early, chitted potatoes (in 2-litre pots indoors, to move to cool, frost-free spot before planting in polytunnel mid-February onwards, using fleece at night for frost-protection). As to Ralegh’s voyages, only one touched the coast of Ireland on the return journey, and that at Smerwick, County Kerry, with the crew half-starved. (National Gallery of Ireland). Following is a list of first early potato varieties available from the featured seed merchants on this website (Click Links For Details): Accent – Great resistance to garden pests. €2.25 million for solicitor Gerald Kean's home in Wicklow, Identical twins look back on 'wonderful' childhood in a Kilkenny castle, Luxury rental apartments launched in Hanover Quay, Dublin, €3 million for Ballsbridge home full of unusual architectural detail, A personal tour through Michael Flatley's mansion, ‘I think my friend’s in an abusive relationship and I don’t know how to help her’, Ross O’Carroll-Kelly: ‘75? Ralegh had sent his friend and colleague, English mathematician and astronomer, Thomas Harriot (1560-1621), as a scientific adviser for the expedition of 1585-86. It has since been proven by W.G. DO:Start planning this year’s vegetable plot, order seed (catalogues or online), weed polytunnel crops, sort through stored vegetables and discard any rotten/frost-damaged ones. Potatoes may well have formed part of the valuable haul taken from Cartagena itself or from the cargoes of plundered ships. A. Bourke, ‘The Visitation of God’? Drake returned to Plymouth in August 1573 after several successful ventures against the Spanish, but had to put to sea again as the friends of Spain were just then in the ascendant at Elizabeth’s court. the potato and the Great Irish Famine (Dublin 1994). First early or ‘new’ potatoes are so-called because they are the earliest to crop, in June. people both in Ireland and around the world. Early season potatoes reach maturity within 75 to 90 days. Bred by the Scottish Research Institute (scri.ac.uk), and scientifically proven to have lots of what the Japanese call umami (one of the five basic taste sensations), seed potatoes of this Phureja variety it seems are not to be got here, for love nor money. So, when it comes to recommending the best varieties to grow in polytunnels, she speaks from long experience. It seems improbable that the potato was introduced around this time as it had only just been introduced to Spain, whose conquistadors had known of its existence for more than a quarter century, and at a time when it was not yet known in England. In his Catalogue of 1599 Gerard added the term ‘bastard potatoes’ to distinguish the potato from the sweet potato, and added that he had received potatoes from their natural home, Virginia. Plant a few marigolds, wallflowers or Limnanthes douglasii (the poached egg plant) nearby to distract early aphids. The Ralegh legend although dating to Southwell in 1693, was made popular by Dr Wright of Edinburgh, who credits Ralegh with the introduction in a letter he wrote to the English Board of Agriculture in 1795. For more details, visit nickykylegardening.com. Little did they realise that, once introduced into Europe, the potato would begin more than four centuries of conquest. Early varieties are recommended for beginners as you will avoid the troublesome potato blight season. The Hospital de la Sangre in Seville was buying potatoes as part of their housekeeping as early as 1573. King Henry VIII, son-in-law of King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain, was particularly fond of them believing they possessed aphrodisiac qualities, which could provide him with that all-elusive heir. Traditionally Irish people like a “floury” potato with medium-high dry matter. add their voice to the historical record. First earlies are ideal for planting in potato grow bags or large So who did bring the potato to Ireland and when? We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. They rode over the tubers, in pursuit of the Inca leader Atahualpa and his fabled riches. “Rubbish,” says Nicky firmly. Salaman has suggested that the potato was introduced in the last quarter of the sixteenth century. There are three main types of potato to grow, named according to when you plant and harvest them: first earlies, second earlies and maincrop. traditionalist and something of a potatophile, with a near-boffinish knowledge of the thousands of different varieties available. The key factor governing the time for planting all potatoes is the date of the last frost in your area. One example of a tuber ideally suited for early season planting is the Irish Cobbler, an irregularly shaped variety with light brown skin. The first journey from Chile to Europe via the Straits of Magellan was not made until 1579, when the potato was already known in Europe. A second contingent of colonists was sent to North America, departing on 9 April 1585. The Introduction of the Potato into Ireland - History Ireland “I’d say Lady Christl, without a doubt,” she says. How to Grow Seed Potatoes. Columbus and his men never saw a tuber of solanum tuberosum, nor did the conquistador Hernán Cortéz (1485-1547) encounter the plant in Mexico. Read the instructions on when to plant your seed potatoes as it will differ depending on whether you have first earlies, second earlies or maincrop varieties. It made its first appearance in Europe in the mid-1500s, having been brought from South America by the Spaniards. To renew a subscription please login first, The Potato Digger by Paul Henry. area are based on CSO data, while percentages for individual potato varieties are based on surveys of growers. Although wild potatoes are found as far north as Nebraska in North America, no species was cultivated outside South America at the time the Spanish arrived in the New World. First Early Potatoes Plant first early potatoes between the end of February and late May. All have the characteristic onion smell, which is caused by volatile acids just below the skin. That Ralegh planted potatoes at his Myrtle Grove estate at Youghal, County Cork is probably more myth than fact. He tried to visit Virginia on his return from his disastrous venture in Guyana in 1595, but failed. The sweet potato was introduced into Spain almost immediately after the earliest voyages. Such tubers could well have been introduced as curiosities by Drake or one of his crew. The English herbalist John Gerard (1545-1612), was indebted to Clusius for information regarding the potato. Once Nicky has finished potting up the individual tubers in mid-January, she’ll lightly water them, place them on a sheet of polythene somewhere cool but frost-free, and then wait. Does Green Reit buyer have tax-back case? Here Cavendish and his crew took aboard supplies and ‘a number of bagges of potato rootes’. Drake was not the only Englishman to come into contact with the potato at an early date. The potato was often referred to as An Spáinneach or An Spáinneach Geal [the white, or kind hearted Spaniard] in its early history. Copyright © 2021 History Publications Ltd, Unit 9, 78 Furze Road, Sandyford, Dublin 18, Ireland | Tel. But the potato continues to thrive in Ireland and the world as a whole, expanding its consumption empire by the day. Despite the important role the potato was later to play in Irish history, we still don’t know how the potato reached our shores. Although there may be more substance to the suggestion of an introduction by Drake, there is simply no proof. The gardens are open daily from 10am to 4pm, Next week: Meeda and Brian choosing what vegetable varieties to grow, from this years seed catalogues. In August 1585 the colonists arrived in what is now eastern North Carolina, in Dare County, in Croatan Sound. Fast Delivery Seed Potatoes on Sale at Best Online Prices. With the Spanish invasion of South American, the potato made its way to Europe, & eventually to Ireland where pre-famine varieties such as black, yellows, cluster, Irish apple & lumper were grown, most of which can no longer be found. The Potato Association of America Mailing Address: 37637 Five Mile Road, #399 Livonia, MI 48154 Phone: (734) 239-8022 Fax: (734) 677-2407 E-mail: paaoffice@potatoassociation.org Like an early-season Elba for eating quality. They should start sprouting by Christmas.”. The ‘venerous roots’, imported from Spain, were a popular feature of many English banquets during the sixteenth century. “No, not as long as you use some basic common sense. Duke of York is another very good first early variety that’s suited to a polytunnel, as is Red Duke of York and Annabelle. In 1590 a voyage took place from England to the Americas which was partly financed by Ralegh. Discover the best new potatoes to grow and eat, below. These names indicate when the potatoes will be ready to eat, and also give you an idea of how much space you will need, how closely and when they can be planted. Once the shoots have nudged their way up above the compost, they’ll immediately be put (but not planted) out in the polytunnel, where they’ll be protected from any harsh night-time frosts with a double-layer of fleece (she takes this off during the daytime). Common sense is the best guide to growing spuds. These potatoes are Nicky Kyle’s early “earlies”, which are destined for the polytunnel in the expectation of a spring harvest. But then Nicky Kyle is both a non-. John Hawkins (1532-1595), English naval administrator, commander and expert seaman also took aboard ‘hennes potatoes and pines’ at Santa Fé in Venezuela during 1564, but again given the location these must have been sweet potatoes. “I’ve grown hundreds of different varieties over the years,” she smiles, “I’m always curious about new ones.” So, when it comes to recommending the best varieties to grow in polytunnels, she speaks from long experience. Organic gardener Nicky Kyle does, however, which is why mid-January finds her sitting toasty-warm at her kitchen table, a bin-load of potting compost to one side and a neat stack of 2-litre plastic pots to the other, while the smell of freshly-baked bread (I kid you not) wafts through the air from the nearby Aga. The Irish potato market has been through many changes over the years as the popularity of varieties changes. It's extra early, with lovely, waxy, yellow potatoes, very tasty. Production Area Ireland’s total production area in 2012 was over 8,700 hectares. Indeed, the effect of his triumph in the West Indies was almost cataclysmic. Typically you will receive 6-10 potatoes per kg for our Early Season Varieties. These potatoes, for example, should be ready to plant in my polytunnel by mid-February and for harvesting in about 12 weeks, in plenty of time for Easter.”, Potatoes by Easter? R.N. “It’s vital that you don’t disturb the rootball at this stage,” she warns, “as otherwise it’ll set them back at least a few weeks”. Europe’s imperial glory is only a distant memory. Further voyages were made in 1587 and 1590, but no subsequent attempt at colonising was made until 1606. This is a list of potato varieties or cultivars.Potato cultivars can have a range … Early Season Varieties should be ready to harvest 50-70 days after planting. Early varieties that mature in less than 90 days are good fits for any garden. Gerard’s statement in the Herball, that the potato had come from Virginia is erroneous. A spot in Cork harbour between Carrigaline and Crosshaven, where he is reputed to have landed is still known as Drake’s Pool. Indeed, the early history of the potato is obscured by often contradictory stories, many of which can be relegated to the sphere of romance. SOW:(In small amounts, in gentle heat, to move to a cooler but frost-free spot before planting out in polytunnel from late-February onwards, using fleece at night for frost-protection): Sugar pea (Delikett), broad beans, carrots, oriental salad mixes, Mizuna, rocket, Swiss chard, spinach, Ragged Jack kale (for baby leaves), lettuce, white turnips, leeks and onions. The first, into Spain about 1570 and the second into England between 1585-1590. Burton in the 1980s, contrary to Salaman, that potatoes given only the slightest of care will sprout little tubers and survive in the most inhospitable of environments. The Irish Potato Market. Delicious flavour as a salad crop, but can be grown on to produce baking sized potatoes. Even its gardeners, Meeda Downey and Brian Quinn, have temporarily abandoned it to busy themselves elsewhere, planting young sapling trees in the park. It is tempting to believe that potatoes came from these Spanish ships which had fallen into English hands. The first new potatoes are always a joy but, long after the first earlies have had their moment, other varieties are coming on stream. The story of mashed potatoes takes 10,000 years and traverses the mountains of Peru and the Irish countryside; it features cameos from Thomas Jefferson and a … She fixes me with another sceptical look. Certainly this date would allow for the potato’s introduction, albeit unlikely by Drake or someone connected with Ralegh. What will €895,000 buy in Dublin, Hong Kong, France, Italy and Spain? The potato as we know it was completely unknown in North America until the seventeenth century, and wasn’t cultivated there until the 1720s when introduced by settlers from Ulster. Varieties Grown There are dozens of different potato varieties, usually described as early, second early, and main crop potatoes. Drake did not return to Europe until 26 September, 1580, nearly two years later. Of course the potato was known and its cultivation well understood in Munster at a very early date. It’s just not that accurate. It therefore proved to be rare and expensive in the rest of Europe. You may also opt for the Norland, a red-skinned potato that is resistant to scab. Personal Histories is an initiative by History Ireland, What on earth makes you think I’m 75?’, My first year as an ex-TD: ‘I looked for jobs, but I didn’t make the grade’, Covid-19: How to look after yourself if you catch the virus, 10 quick ways to get your garden in shape right now, Ireland’s catalytic converter thieves: ‘They’re like Formula 1 mechanics’. We chose mix of old and new varieties that are readily available and have reasonable pest and disease resistance. On 16 March, 1587, Thomas Cavendish (1560-1592) English navigator and leader of the third circumnavigation of the globe, stopping at St Mary Island, near Concepción, southern Chile, found ‘cades of straw filled with potato rootes, which were very good to eat, ready made up in the storehouses for the Spaniards, against they should come for their tribute’. Isn’t it ironic that the conquistadors of Spain, who first brought the potato to the attention of those outside the Americas, were relatively indifferent to the vegetative gold that they stumbled upon in the 1530s? It is recorded in The World Encompassed (1628), that Drake obtained potatoes by barter from the Indians of the Islands of Mocha, off the coast of Chile in November 1578: ‘we being on land, the people came down to us to the water side with shew of great curtesie, bringing to us potatos, rootes and two very fat sheepe’. As long as you’re very gentle with them, you make sure that both the shoots and the roots aren’t allowed to dry out before planting, and you place the shoot on its side rather than planting it upright, there’s absolutely no reason why you shouldn’t let the shoots of seed potatoes get that long. “ It’s extra early, with lovely, waxy, yellow potatoes, very tasty. He mentions a stringy tuberous plant called the ‘openawk’, with which the potato has often been confused right up until the nineteenth century, hence the association of the potato with both Virginia and Ralegh. The potato must therefore have been introduced to Spain between 1565 and 1570. In front of her, carefully stashed in plastic fruit boxes, is a selection of very well-chitted seed potatoes which, one-by-one, are being gently lifted from the pile, their brittle pink shoots and their spidery white roots tenderly disentangled, before theyre lovingly placed individually into half-filled pots and covered with a nicely fibrous compost. Amorosa – Stunning red First Early. It has been argued that the first potatoes brought to Europe came from Chile (subspecies tuberosum), because they had been adapted to form tubers in the long summer days of southern temperate latitudes and would feel at home in Europe where the day length was similar. The evidence available points to two early introductions of the potato into Europe. Don’t follow them with tomatoes either – Nicky suggests courgettes, cucumbers or melons. Therefore, the appearance of the strange new tuber in Ireland couldn’t have been long delayed. giving them a chance to be heard, remembered and to Ever since passing through the Straits of Magellan, Cavendish had attacked Spanish settlements and shipping from the Chilean coast up to Mexico. Maturing first early with tasty creamy-white tubers with tasty creamy-white tubers why then is Virginia associated with the potato Europe! Also exclusive, as it could only be grown on to produce shoots. You will avoid the troublesome potato blight season therefore, he didn ’ t been! Speculate whether this actually happened are readily available and have reasonable pest and disease resistance so why then is associated. 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